In this posting, we discuss the mindfulness procedure for California alcohol rehab. Mindfulness can be defined as “a non-judgmental means of focusing on emotions in the present moment.”
This implies mindfulness seeks to let us focus our attention in the present moment. When your mind wonders to the future or past, or when powerful emotions like cravings arise, mindfulness refocuses our mind for the present moment.
Addiction and cravings are clearly behaviours that harm you both mental and physical health and tied together with compulsion where you feel as if you are unable to stop.
Buddhism teachings suggest that humans hold onto desires and objects that ultimately cause suffering. This includes attachment to objects, people, substances, behaviours and abstract concepts like identity.
Mindfulness permits us to forget about these desires step by step by increasing our knowledge of these desires and compulsions. Through this heightened state of awareness, mindfulness promotes the freedom and motivation to cease harmful activities.
Intense craving for drugs and alcohol is one method humans manifest this want to ‘hold on’. Mindfulness thus increases our knowledge of these desires and ultimately offers us the energy to release these negative desires for good.
Since mindfulness concentrates on the non-judgmental understanding of thoughts, feelings and cravings, patients are discouraged from ‘fighting’ cravings that typically generates a negative state for being.
Before we outline mindfulness and addiction therapy, we shall outline how an addiction arises in the first place. Essentially, you have stimuli which makes you feel better about yourself. You consider this good feeling after which aim to experience this stimuli that ‘recreates’ these good feelings. Overtime this behaviour is reinforced by either positive or negative affect to the stage where cravings arise. You essentially experience urges for these positive feelings to go on.
Alternatively, when certain people are exposed to a certain environment, negative opinions can lead to negative emotions such as anxiety, anger and depression. So that you can reduce this anxiety, a person may turn to drug or alcohol use. This may lead to substance abuse and overtime, several learned situational and emotional cues will act as ‘addiction triggers.’ These triggers “trap” the individual hence the addiction takes hold. Addiction is thus an exaggeration from the basic human want to move toward pleasure and move away from pain.
Negative emotional states and cravings are the primary reason behind relapse. Traditional anti-craving medications for example topiramate try to reduce cravings for drugs and alcohol use. However, these medications are merely effective for a few, and research indicates the potency of these treatments is largely influenced by patients’ genetics.
Traditional cognitive therapy likewise targets these cravings. As an example, CBT teaches patients in order to avoid identified triggers of addiction, or to engage in substitute behaviours including chewing gum or chewing carrot sticks instead of smoking. Traditional CBT also seeks to improve belief systems and alter unhealthy ‘automatic thoughts’ that California intervention. In general, these therapies are just moderately effective. For example, around 70% of smokers desire to quit, but only around 5% succeed when traditional CBT is employed.
Mindfulness takes a different procedure for traditional CBT. Mindfulness efforts to uncouple the hyperlink between cravings and drug/alcohol use, and tries to prevent the craving from arising to start with. Mindfulness promotes self-regulation of attention that it is maintained on an immediate experience, thereby making it possible for increased recognition of mental events within the present moment.
Unlike traditional CBT, mindfulness is not going to make an attempt to let the patient to prevent or substitute addictive behaviours. Instead, mindfulness drives a wedge between cravings in addition to their resulting behaviours.
The idea of utilising mindfulness within the combat against addiction was basically proposed by American psychologist Professor Alan Marlatt during the early 1980s. Professor Marlatt utilised an ancient form of mindfulness generally known as Vipassana to help heavy alcohol and drug users overcome their addiction. Throughout an 8-week period Prof. Marlatt taught addicts how you can meditate within the Vipassana tradition. All the participants were prison inmates. Professor Marlatt’s study showed a marked improvement inside the participants’ mental outlook in addition to a decrease in substance abuse upon their release from prison.
However, these gains were not sustained over time. Professor Marlatt attributed this to the truth that the participants did not carry on and meditate after they were released from prison.
If you’ve ever taken part in the mindfulness meditation session then it’s not difficult to image why this activity has potential in assisting individuals who experience an addiction. Mindfulness helps the patient to enhance his or her ability to concentrate on emotions since they arise inside the present moment. This improved degree of attention helps the individual to gain a much better comprehension of his or her addiction triggers, including automatic behaviours that offer life to addictive tendencies.
Guiding patients’ attention back to the present moment increases their knowledge of their habitual habits and cravings so “uncoupling” of cravings and addictive behaviours usually takes place.As an illustration, if you wish to stop smoking cigarettes, mindfulness will enable you to recognise the vile nature of inhaling harmful chemicals and so motivate you to want to quit. Mindfulness replaces automatic responses with disenchantment on the addictive behaviour. For instance, this woman who attended mindfulness sessions for smoking addiction realised that “cigarettes smells like stinky cheese and tastes like chemicals”. This woman was only able to come to this realisation because of her increased knowledge of her habit gained through completing mindfulness treatment.
Patients acquire a better comprehension of the internal mechanisms that occur between feeling cravings and then undertaking addictive behaviours. Patients understand how they think, whatever they are planning and how their body is feeling before, during and after addictive behaviours transpire. Awareness allows patients to go towards change. Unawareness of those process chain patients for their addiction and mindfulness seeks to reverse this plight. Mindfulness teaches patients there is a choice not to take part in these automatic addictive behaviours. Mindfulness helps patients to react differently to automatic thoughts, and thus disengage from addictive behaviours. Especially, mindfulness empowers addicts through self-knowledge of automatic thought patterns.
Mindfulness also helps individuals to respond to discomfort differently. When an uncomfortable feeling like a craving or anxiety arises, mindfulness teaches these patients to recognise these discomforts, and observe them non-judgementally, as opposed to automatically participating in addictive behaviours.
Furthermore, mindfulness helps patients admit they have a problem and overcome their denial. Mindfulness thus enables patients forever in recovery.
Since mindfulness teaches the person to just accept the current moment, it also helps the individual to handle negative emotions from the distance. This ultimately helps the patients to diffuse negative emotions in such a way that will not involve the application of drugs and alcohol. Patients thus learn to detach from attributions and “automatic” thoughts that often bring about relapse.
If you decide to implement mindfulness in your practice, we urge you to definitely adopt a person-centred or Rogerian method of treatment i.e. adopting an accepting and non-judgement outlook that permits you to bond with the patient and creating an environment of “unconditional acceptance”.
Once you’ve created this environment, you will have to implement various meditation techniques. During meditation, the sufferer must concentrate on an object. This really is usually the breath since it is expelled from the nose. This is recognized as mindfulness of breathing. Since the mind wonders, attention needs to be re-centered on the breath dexppky63 it leaves the nose and touches the lips.
Below we list common meditation techniques you could possibly implement:
Body scanning as taught by Jon Kabat-Zinn
Sitting meditations i.e. focused awareness (breathing) and expanding to body, emotion and thought
These meditations typically occur in group sessions. Patients receive instructions and perform these meditations alone.
We also recommend you teach the idea of urge surfing. Urges really are a distressing feeling fuelled by a build-up of cortisol. This teaches patients that cravings are just like waves. Patients are taught to look at the desire wave because it rises and passes, instead of seeking to fight or control the craving. This permits the individual to find out detox California to their cravings, and weakens the intensity of urges over time. Every time you surf the urge the weaker that urge becomes. In the event you consistently surf the need, the urge will ultimately go away.